Kebun Raya Bogor (Bogor Botanical Garden) is one of the four botanical gardens in Indonesia besides Bedugul, Cibodas, and Purwodadi Botanical Garden. This botanical garden is quite famous because many local tourists from the capital city (Jakarta) and around it use it as favorite excursion place. The short distance and its beautiful panorama have attracted so many visitors who want to spend their holiday time.
Kebun Raya Bogor or Bogor Botanic Garden is built on May 18, 1817 by Prof. Dr. C. G. C. Reindwart. He is a botanical specialist from Germany. s’Lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg is the first name of this garden, which is became the introduction center of any kinds of economical plants for agriculture. Oil palm (Elaeis guinensis) is one of the agriculture commodities which was introduced from West Africa to Indonesia through Bogor Botanic Garden.
Bogor Botanic Garden is located in the center of Bogor City; it is on Ir. H. Juanda St. no 13, Bogor, West Java. It can be reach from Jakarta, Capital of Indonesian Country, for about 60 km to southeast. Although this is far enough from the central city, it is not so difficult to reach this place. The trip can be started from Cawang station in Bogor that will take for about one hour and the travelled distance is for about 50 km. If you want to get a cheaper cost, you can switch the vehicle into economical railway from Cawang station. However, you have to pay some consequences such as the condition is so crowded; there is no any air conditioner so you may feel so hot, and when you wait for the railway, it takes longer than you want to wait for Commuter Line.
Bogor Botanic Garden has moist-low land kinds of habitat. It is on 260 m high from depth sea level. The moisture is about 80-90% with the rainfall is about 3,000 – 4,300 mm/ year.
The Total Of The Collection
By looking to the width of the land, Bogor Botanic Garden has so many kinds of plants, 13,697 species, which are categorized into 3,441 races, 1,265 genus, and 220 families. Bogor Botanic Garden has some collections which are so interesting for the society, such as Titanium flower (Amorphophallus titanum Becc.). This flower is really fantastic because the height of this flower can be up to 3 meters high. When they are blooming, we can smell unpleasant odor coming from the flower. It will interest the insects to come and help the flower for pollination process. Thus, the society called this flower as carcass flower (Rafflesia Arnoldi). The unique thing is that, this flower is categorized as rare flower that only found in Indonesia. This flower is biggest flower in the world. if you want to see this flower you have to make a contact to Bogor Botanic Garden or you can follow its development in an official site: http://www.bogorbotanicgardens.org
There are also about 10,000 species of orchid collection in Bogor Botanic Garden which are presented in green house and completed by fogging system to control the humidity. Next, there are also some kinds of palm, (Arecaceae), herbal plants, rare fruits, timber tree (Dipterocarpaceae) and tropical pitcher plant (Nephentaceae). There are also other unique collection such as giant lily plant (Victoria amazonica), lychee plants, silk-cotton trees, and teak tree.
Beside floras, there are also some faunas in this location such as: deer, birds, and some kinds of fishes in the pool. In addition, to enrich the knowledge about flora and fauna, the visitors are also served by museum and some informational books.
Some Interesting Places / Buildings
Not only tropical plants collection, Bogor Botanic Garden Bogor Botanic Garden also has some places and historical buildings which are interesting to be visited. After entering the main gate, you will see canary trees (Canarium vulgare) in each side of the road. Then you will find Teysmann park; a formal style park which was built in 1889 as an appreciation to Johannes Teysmann. He is one of the creators of Bogor Botanic Garden which already gave so many contributions in landscape sector. Here you also can see Bogor Palace. This is one of historical building that is so important for Indonesia. However, it is not so easy to enter this building. There are some pre-requirements needed, also it takes for about a week to process the permission. So, don’t forget to do reservation before you are going to visit this site.
There are so many others buildings that you can enjoy such as: Taman Bhineka (bhineka park), Lebak Sudjana Kasan park, cactus garden, also J. J. Smith Monument, drawbridge, Dutchmen grave, and Lady Raffles monument.
Garden : 08.00 – 17.00
Office : 07.00 – 15.30 *
Information Service : 08.00 – 16.00
Library : 08.00 – 15.00 *
Orchid green house : 08.00 – 15.30
Plants & merchandise shop : 08.00 – 15.30
Cafe De’daunan : 08.00 – 21.00
Zoology Museum : 08.00 – 17.00
* Operation hour for Friday: 08.00 – 16.00, and closed on Saturday, Sunday, and holiday